Botswana is a land-locked country dominated in geographical terms by the Kalahari Desert. Botswana is bordered by Zambia and Zimbabwe to the north-east, Namibia to the north and west, and South Africa to the south and south-east. The climate is semi-arid. Though it is hot and dry for much of the year there is a rainy season, which runs through the summer months.
- The summer season begins in November and ends in March.
- The winter season begins in May and ends in August.
- The in-between periods – April/early May and September/October – still tend to be dry, but the days are cooler than in summer and the nights are warmer than in winter.
- The rainy season is during the summer, with October and April being transitional months. January and February are generally regarded as the peak months.
Setswana is the national language, with minor differences in dialects. However, English is the official business language and it is widely spoken in urban areas, with most written communication being in this language.